Over the years, work by a formidable collective of colleagues, including Frick, at the University of New Orleans; James Blair, at the National Institute of Mental Health; Don Lynam, at Purdue University; Adelle Forth, at Carleton University, Canada; Dustin Pardini, at the University of Pittsburgh; and Mark Dadds, at the University of New South Wales, Australia, have employed a variety of methodologies to convincingly demonstrate that callous-unemotional traits delineate a group of youth at risk for severe and violent antisocial behavior that often persists into adulthood.
Similarly, the association between CU traits and lifetime group offending was weaker for Black adolescents. The average number of prior arrests within the sample was 4. In addition, we controlled for duration of follow-up, self-reported delinquency, and incarceration status at time of interview.
The development of effective treatment for adolescents with CU traits, particularly those adolescents who are in contact with the juvenile justice system, may reduce the incidence of juvenile crime. It also got me hooked in this area of research.
Although several studies have found that adult psychopathy is a robust predictor of future criminal offending, research exploring the predictive utility of CU traits and future offending are lacking. This article is intended solely for the personal use of the individual user and is not to be disseminated broadly.
The affective features of psychopathy, often referred to as callous-unemotional CU traits e. Official criminal record information was collected approximately 3. I observed behavior that was characterised by violent bullying, callous blackmail of other boys, attempts to intimidate members of staff, and lack of regret for his actions.
Neuroimaging of psychopathy and antisocial behavior: According to these definitions, "undersocialized" children exhibited characteristic behaviors of psychopathy, including: Moreover, empirical studies examining the predictive utility of psychopathic features often neglect to account for other well-documented risk factors e.
This measure provides scales identified as being consistent with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th ed.
One possible reason for this inconsistent finding may be that this association is only found among adolescents who commit more severe and often violent offenses. Pictures of Facial Affect. Treatments for aggressive and antisocial children. Developmental Science 11, 17— Join the Discussion As always, please join the discussion below if you have thoughts or comments to add!
These variables were based on information collected at the early adulthood assessment and were thus collected concurrently with the ICU. Neural responses to affective and cognitive theory of mind in children with conduct problems and varying levels of callous-unemotional traits.
Records were double entered into a database, checked for accuracy, and then compared to prevent redundancy of coding criminal charges across data sources. This item was coded 1 if the participant was married and 0 if he was not. For example, the relatively few studies examining facets of the PCL—R suggest that the behavioral and antisocial components of psychop- athy are generally better predictors of reoffending than the affec- tive or interpersonal features see Leistico et al.
Efferent association pathways from the rostral prefrontal cortex in the macaque monkey. Table 1 presents correlations between the ICU scores and the potential confounds included in the study, as well as descriptive statistics for these variables.
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Rachel E.
Information about official criminal charges was derived from a number of sources, including Pennsylvania State Police, the Pennsylvania Court of Common Pleas, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Translating Research into Practice Clinicians may benefit from understanding the role that CU traits play in offenses committed by adolescents. Annals of Neurology 77, 68— Development and Psychopathology, 24, — Offenders could be classified as committing offenses across one or more of these categories.
Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics 4, — Comparison of white matter integrity between autism spectrum disorder subjects and typically developing individuals: One important future research aim for our group is to delineate the particular environmental risk factors that increase the likelihood of antisocial behaviour in those children with high or low levels of callous-unemotional traits.
In addi- tion, individual characteristics like heightened levels of impulsiv- ity e. Methods for Assessing CU Traits Methods for assessing psychopathic features including CU traits typically fall into one of two categories: Further demographic information regarding the Pittsburgh Youth Study cohorts can be found in Loeber et al.
Second, the utility of self-reported CU traits rather than interviewer ratings of these characteristics in the prediction of future offending is rarely examined, despite the fact that self-report measures have advantages in terms of time efficiency and cost effectiveness.
We also evaluated whether self-reported CU traits, as measured by the ICU, possessed incremental utility in the prediction of criminal-charge outcomes after controlling for a diverse array of known risk factors of persistent criminal offending e.
Neuroimaging work from our lab has also produced a number of new findings that have helped characterise the neurobiological vulnerabilities associated with callous-unemotional traits and antisocial behavior. Journal of the American Statistical Association 78, —Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits are associated with a greater likelihood of adolescents offending in groups and being in a gang.
Additionally CU traits are associated with taking a leadership role within group offending, as well as with greater levels of planning in the group offense. Callous–Unemotional Traits and Response to Functional Family Therapy in Adolescent Offenders Stuart F. White, Ph.D.*, Paul J.
Frick, risk for future offending, even controlling for their early age of initiation of delinquent behavior (Loeber et al., ). Callous-unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., lack of empathy, deficient guilt/remorse, and shallow affect) are a circumscribed facet of the adult psychopathic personality.
Although several studies have found that adult psychopathy is a robust predictor of future criminal offending, research exploring the.
Callous-unemotional traits robustly predict future criminal offending in young men. Law and Human Behavior 37, 87 – Kaufman, A, Kaufman, N (). Callous-unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., lack of empathy, deficient guilt/remorse, and shallow affect) are a circumscribed facet of the adult psychopathic personality.
Although several studies have found that adult psychopathy is a robust predictor of future criminal offending, research exploring the. Callous-unemotional traits and the emotional processing of distress cues in detained boys: testing the moderating role of aggression, exposure to community violence, and histories of abuse.
Development and Psychopathology, 20, –Download